Between the years 1726 and 1750, the English colonies in America were steadily growing. The thirteenth colony, Georgia, was founded during these years. Benjamin Franklin was a vibrant Philadelphian making a name for himself. This was also the time of the Great Awakening. While England made some rules to try and protect its own economic interests like the Iron Act and the Molasses Act, in general it kept a hands off approach to the colonies. However, storm clouds were brewing as hostilities between England and France continued to grow. King George's War which occurred during these years foreshadowed the French and Indian War. Read about these and the other key events of this twenty-five year stretch: American History Timeline 1726-1750.
Follow the events that led to the American Revolution with this timeline. Beginning with the Treaty of Paris that Ended the French and Indian War, you can see how events escalated over time. Interestingly enough there were long stretches when relations between Great Britain and the colonies calmed down. There were also many chances for parliament to back off and restore more positive relations. Even when the war started, only about 1/3 of the American colonists were revolutionary.
On February 24, 1803, the Supreme Court made a historic decision with the court case Marbury v. Madison. The case involved many of the key players in the early republic including John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and of course Chief Justice John Marshall. Some today question whether the precedent of judicial review that was established with Marshall's decision was truly revolutionary or beyond the realm of the framers' intent. Nonetheless, Marbury v. Madison did firmly establish this precedent which has had major repercussions to this day.
Presidents Day is the third Monday in February. Today, Monday, February 20th, we celebrate Presidents Day. Or do we? The official name of the federal holiday is Washington's Birthday. However, many states across the nation celebrate Presidents Day instead, combining the birthdays of two amazing presidents. George Washington's birthday is February 22nd and Abraham Lincoln's was on February 12th. In honor of Presidents Day, take some time to learn about the Presidents of the United States. One great way to do this is tosign up for the weekly President's course. For 44 weeks, you will learn about the men who have shaped our nation.
"Remember the Maine!" What started as a toast to remember the 260 men who died due to the explosion that took place on the USS Maine in Havana Harbor on February 15, 1898. This phrase combined with over-the-top reporting of the incident led to the beginning of the Spanish-American War. While the war only lasted six months, its importance in terms of American imperialism and future military actions was huge. Want to know about the war that started with the cry 'Remember the Maine!' and helped make Theodore Roosevelt a war hero? Here are seven essentials that you should know about the Spanish-American War.
On October 7, 1763, King George III issued a royal proclamation that caused a furor amongst the colonists. This Proclamation of 1763 closed lands north and west of the Appalachian Mountains to settlement. The goal of the British was to put a stop to conflicts that had arisen between the Native Americans and the colonists due to the French and Indian War. However, many colonists had purchased land or had been given land grants in that area in exchange for their military service during the war. Settlers began ignoring the Proclamation Line. Eventually, the colonists were able to get the line moved further west. This event was just the beginning of rising tensions between Great Britain and the colonies.
In 1820, the Missouri Compromise was passed as a way to stave off issues of sectionalism surrounding the number of slave and free states. Missouri was added as a slave state while Maine was admitted as a free one at the same time. Further, slavery would be declared illegal north of the 36o30' parallel west of Missouri. However on May 30, 1853, not only was the Missouri Compromise repealed but the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed. This act allowed settlers of the Kansas and Nebraska territories to choose whether they wanted to be free or slave territories. Kansas would soon be called Bleeding Kansas due to the fighting that resulted from this act. This would be one of the main factors that led to the US Civil War.
Ernesto Miranda, the center of the highly publicized Supreme Court case, died on January 31, 1976 after wounds from a bar fight. He had been released from prison after having been convicted a second time for rape and kidnapping once his case had been overturned by the Supreme Court ruling. The Court's decision in Miranda v. Arizona created the "Miranda Rights" that anyone who watches a police procedure television show knows by heart. While reading the accused their rights seems like no big deal today, the decision was highly controversial at the time. It was argued that by informing the accused of their rights would harm public safety.
Today is the birthday of William McKinley. He was the twenty-fifth president of the United States and sadly was the third president assassinated within a thirty-six year period. McKinley's time in office is marked by a few significant events from the annexation of Hawaii to the Spanish American War. His second term ended abruptly when anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot him in Buffalo, New York. Learn more about William McKinley and his time in office by reading his biography.
John Quincy Adams is a fascinating figure. He had travelled more than most in the world by the age of 17. He was quite a talented diplomat whose skills did not quite translate well in domestic politics. He was a staunch defender of the universal and inalienable rights of man, slave or free, as evidenced by his role on the defense team in the Amistad case. Learn more about this man who would only serve one term as president due to the backlash from the 'Corrupt Bargain'.