On December 31, 1880, George Marshall was born. He served as the Army Chief of Staff during World War II and was noted for his importance in the allied victory. He was named Secretary of Defense followed by Secretary of State under President Harry S. Truman. While Secretary of State, he created the Marshall Plan which was the program America used to aid the rebuilding of Europe at the end of World War II. He later won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.