On January 29, 1861, Kansas became the 34th state to enter the union. Kansas began its path to being part of the United States of America with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Thomas Jefferson violated his own beliefs around federal power because the deal with France was too good of an opportunity to pass up. In one sweeping act, Jefferson doubled the size of the United States. 'Bleeding Kansas' was a troubled territory during the Civil War period and gained entry to the union as a free state amidst a great deal of turmoil.