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19th Century in American History

America's adolescence, from learning to fight, to fighting themselves, to a world power.

East Meets West
Chinese immigrants had a huge impact on the history of the west in America. They were instrumental in the completion of the railroads, despite intense discrimination from fellow workers and bosses.

Allan Pinkerton and His Detectives
Find out about Allan Pinkerton, the man behind the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

The Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening includes key events that led to increased evangelical fervor and the rise of Mormonism.

Utopian Movements
Utopian movements were very popular in the first half of the 19th century. Learn about the major utopian movements from this era, their beliefs, and what happened to them.

The Missouri Compromise
Learn about the Missouri Compromise including its provisions and impact on America.

Kamehameha The Great
A fine bio from Richard Olson's Island of Hawaii site from About of the great Warrior and King who united and reigned over the unified island Kingdom of Hawaii.

Kentucky Resolutions of 1799
The Kentucky Resolutions of 1799 were authored, secretly, by Thomas Jefferson in protest to the Alien and Sedition Acts.

The Pinkertons
Allan Pinkerton and his detectives from the Pinkerton Agency put some heat on Butch Cassidy and his outlaw gang, known as the Wild Bunch. Learn more about the Pinkertons.

Emancipation Proclamation
The proclamation that outlawed slavery for all wishing to join the Union; it reinforced a moral ground on which to fight the Civil War.

Monroe Doctrine
Our nation's foreign policy was put to parchment in 1825 by our nation's 5th president James Monroe. This document has dictated our foreign policy to this day; in that any attack in this hemisphere would be interpreted as an attack upon this nation.

Who Invented Peanut Butter
From fellow About guide Mary Bellis' excellent inventors site, the story of the life of one of the most prolific inventors in history: George Washington Carver.

Abraham Lincoln Online
All you wanted to learn about "The Big Guy", from a log cabin to Ford's Theater & beyond. Very well organized and user friendly.

The Civil War@Charleston
The title of this site does not do itself justice, for this is far more about the Civil War than just around Charleston, with many original articles written for this site. One of the finest sites anywhere; history or otherwise.

The Confederate Network
Everything Confederate, from a Confederate mindset...whether you agree with it or not.

Constitution of the Confederate States of America
"We, the people of the Confederate States, ...establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity...do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Confederate States of America." Read it in it's entirety.

The Crittenden Compromise
The Crittenden Compromise was perhaps the last-ditch effort to resolve the secession crisis of 1860-61 by political negotiation; an attempt to resolve the crisis by addressing the concerns that led the states of the Lower South to contemplate secession.

Edwin M. Stanton
Attorney General for Buchanan and Lincoln, Stanton was also the attorney for the first successful temporarily insane defense in this country. Another info-filled site from Lydia Rapoza.

General James Longstreet
"Old Pete" was one of the greatest generals this nation has ever seen. This section of the "Northern Georgia " site is full of informative text and fine photos.

Hispanics in the Civil War
Over 13,000 Hispanics fought in the war. 1st Florida Cavalry was one of a number of Florida units containing men of Spanish ancestry which fought for the Confederacy. From the Hispanic America USA site.

The Life of Harriet Tubman
Born a slave, once she was free, she wanted to help other people to freedom. She made at least fifteen trips to the south and led at least 200 people to freedom. These overnight stops came to be known as the Underground Railroad.

Last Native American in Illinois to actively fight for his Nation's lands & sovereignty. The name given to him by whites was "Black Hawk".

Mexican-American War
This page, written by a high school student named John Heys, is a well-done academic analysis of the questions behind the origins of the 1846-48 war, and where the answers lead.

From the Tsalagi (Cherokee), this brilliant man is the only person to have invented an entire alphabet from scratch. He made his Nation literate.

Tatanka Yotanka
Better known as "Sitting Bull", this leader of the Lakota tribes was perhaps the most renowned chief in history.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The settlement of Texas by immigrants from the United States finally led to the secession of Texas and its annexation by the United States, with the result that the Mexican War broke out in May, 1846. It was closed by this treaty, by which the United States gained not only Texas but New Mexico and Upper California.

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