- Fort Pontchartrain is built by the French at Detroit.
- Yale College is founded. It will not become a university until 1887.
- William Penn gives Pennsylvania its first constitution, called the Charter of Privileges.
- New Jersey is formed when East and West Jersey are united under the authority of the New York governor.
- Queen Anne’s War (The War of Spanish Succession) begins. Later in the year, the Spanish settlement at St. Augustine falls to Carolina forces.
- Cotton Mather publishes The Ecclesiastical History of New England, 1620-1698.
- Connecticut and Rhode Island agree upon a common boundary line.
- During Queen Anne’s War, French and Abenaki Indians destroy Deerfield Massachusetts. Later in the year, New England colonists destroy two important supply villages in Acadia (present day Nova Scotia).
- The first regular newspaper, the Boston News-Letter was published.
- The first Delaware assembly meets.
- Virginia Black Code of 1705 is passed. This restricts the travel of slaves.
- Benjamin Franklin is born.
- French and Spanish soldiers unsuccessfully attack Charlestown, South Carolina during Queen Anne’s War.
- The United Kingdom of Great Britain is founded when the Act of the Union combines England, Scotland, and Wales.
- The English settlement at Newfoundland is captured by French and Indian forces.
- Massachusetts is becoming more willing to accept other religions as evidenced by the Quakers being allowed to establish a meeting house in Boston.
- The English capture Port Royal (Nova Scotia) and rename the settlement Annapolis.
- The Tuscarora Indian War begins when North Carolina settlers are killed by the Indians.
- Carolina is officially separated into North and South Carolina, each with its own governor.
- Pennsylvania bans the import of slaves into the colony.
- When South Carolinian forces capture Fort Nohucke of the Tuscarora Indians, the remaining Indians flee north and join the Iroquois Nation
- The Treaty of Utrecht ends Queen Anne’s War. Acadia, Hudson Bay, and Newfoundland are given to the English.
- King George I becomes the King of England.
- Tea is introduced to the American colonies.
- Maryland is given back to Charles, the fourth Lord Baltimore after a long period of royal rule.
- Black slaves arrive for the first time in the French colony of Louisiana.
- Scots-Irish immigration begins in earnest due to higher rent rates in the Great Britain.
- New Orleans is founded.
- The Spanish found the city of San Antonio in the Texas territory.
- Spanish settlers surrender Pensacola, Florida to French forces.
- The three largest cities in the colonies are Boston, Philadelphia, and New York City.
- South Carolina is named a royal colony.
- When Sir Robert Walpole becomes the English Chancellor of the Exchequer, a period of “benign neglect” begins that will have huge ramifications in the years leading up to the American Revolution.
- The Alamo is erected as a mission in San Antonio.
- Maryland requires the establishment of public schools in all counties.
- The first permanent settlement in Vermont is established at present-day Brattleboro.
- It is estimated that by 1725 there are approximately 75,000 black slaves in the American colonies.
Source: Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M., ed. "The Almanac of American History." Barnes & Nobles Books: Greenwich, CT, 1993.