April 9, 1865
Appomattox County, Virginia
Key Individuals Involved in the Battle of Appomattox Court House:
Union: Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate: General Robert E. Lee
Union Victory. 700 Casualties.
Significance of the Battle of Appomattox Court House:
This was the final major engagement of the Civil War. General Lee surrendered to General Grant and the American Civil War came to an end.
Overview of the Battle:
Early on April 9, the remnants of John Broun Gordon’s corps and Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry formed line of battle at Appomattox Court House. Gen. Robert E. Lee determined to make one last attempt to escape the closing Union pincers and reach his supplies at Lynchburg. At dawn the Confederates advanced, initially gaining ground against Sheridan’s cavalry. The arrival of Union infantry, however, stopped the advance in its tracks. Lee’s army was now surrounded on three sides. Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9.
Source: CWSAC Battle Summaries