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Battle of Chaffin’s Farm



September 29-30, 1864

Other Names:

Combats at New Market Heights, Forts Harrison, Johnson, and Gilmer; Laurel Hill


Chaffin’s Farm, Virginia

Key Individuals Involved in the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm:

Union: Major General Benjamin Butler
Confederate: General Robert E. Lee and Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell


UnionVictory. 4,430 total casualties

Overview of the Battle :

During the night of September 28-29, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler’s Army of the James crossed James River to assault the Richmond defenses north of the river. The columns attacked at dawn. After initial Union successes at New Market Heights and Fort Harrison, the Confederates rallied and contained the breakthrough. Lee reinforced his lines north of the James and, on September 30, he counterattacked unsuccessfully. The Federals entrenched, and the Confederates erected a new line of works cutting off the captured forts. Union general Burnham was killed. As Grant anticipated, Lee shifted troops to meet the threat against Richmond, weakening his lines at Petersburg.
Source: CWSAC Battle Summaries

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