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New England Confederation

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Definition: The New England Confederation was a group formed in 1643 between Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven. It was created to provide a united defense against the Dutch, French, and Native Americans along with settling boundary disputes. This united defense was to play an important role in defeating the Wampanoags during King Philip’s War in 1675.

The government of the New England Confederation consisted of two representatives from each colony with the goal of dealing with other colonies and groups in common. However, each colony was to remain independent. The Confederation was dissolved in 1684. It was significant because it was the first colonial attempt to unify.

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