1. Education
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Colonial Governments of the Thirteen Colonies

Unique Governmental Systems of the Thirteen Colonies

By

New York

In 1664, King Charles II gave New York as a proprietary colony to The Duke of York, the future King James II. James was quickly able to seize New Amsterdam, a colony founded by the Dutch. He renamed this colony New York. He chose to give citizens a limited form of self government. Ruling powers were given to a governor. In 1685, New York became a royal colony. King James II sent Sir Edmund Andros to be the royal governor. He ruled without a legislature, causing dissension and complaint amongst the citizens.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Colony was a proprietary colony founded when William Penn was awarded a charter by King Charles II in 1681. He set up the colony as one of religious freedom. The government included a representative legislature with popularly elected officials. All taxpaying freemen could vote.

Georgia

Georgia was established in 1732, given to a group of twenty-one trustees by King George II as a buffer colony between Florida and the rest of the English colonies. General James Oglethorpe led the settlement at Savannah as a refuge for the poor and persecuted. In 1753, Georgia became a royal colony, setting up an effective government.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.