Harry S Truman's Childhood and Education:
Mother: Martha Ellen Young Truman
Siblings: One brother - Vivian Truman and one sister - Mary Jane Truman.
Wife: Elizabeth "Bess" Virginia Wallace. They did not marry until he was 35 and she was 34.
Children: One daughter - Margaret Truman. She is a singer and a novelist, writing not only biographies of her parents but also mysteries.
Harry S Truman's Career Before the Presidency:
Becoming the President:
Post Presidential Period:
Events and Accomplishments of Harry S Truman’s Presidency:
One of the most important decisions made by Truman or possibly any other president was the use of the atomic bombs in Japan. He ordered two bombs: one against Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and one against Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. Truman's goal was to stop the war quickly avoiding further losses of allied troops. Japan sued for peace on August 10th and surrendered on September 2, 1945.
Truman was president during the Nuremberg Trials which punished 22 Nazi leaders for numerous crimes including crimes against humanity. 19 of them were found guilty. Also, the United Nations was created in order to try and avoid future world wars and to help settle conflicts peacefully.
Truman created the Truman Doctrine which stated that it was the duty of the U.S. to "support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressures." America joined with Great Britain to fight against a Soviet blockade of Berlin by airlifting over 2 million tons of supplies to the city. Truman agreed to help rebuild Europe in what was called the Marshall Plan. America spent over $13 billion dollars to help get Europe back on its feet.
In 1948, The Jewish people created the state of Israel in Palestine. The U.S. was among the first to recognize the new nation.
From 1950-53, America participated in the Korean Conflict. North Korean Communist forces had invaded South Korea. Truman got the UN to agree that the U.S. could expel the North Koreans out of the South. MacArthur was sent in and called for America to go to war with China. Truman would not agree and MacArthur was removed from his post. The U.S. did not achieve its objective in the conflict.
Other important issues of Truman's time in office were the Red Scare, the passage of the 22nd Amendment limiting a president to two terms, the Taft-Hartley Act, Truman's Fair Deal, and an assassination attempt in 1950.