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Democratic Party

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Andrew Jackson (1767 - 1845), American general and the 7th President of the United States of the United States of America.
Hulton Archive/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Origin of the Democratic Party:

The two original national parties were the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party. In 1816, the Federalist Party died out leaving a single political party for a short time. However, a split in the Democratic-Republican Party in the mid-1820s gave rise two factions: the National Republicans and the Democrats. When Andrew Jackson lost in 1824, Jackson's supporters created their own organization to get him elected. After his election in 1828, that organization became known as the Democratic Party.

Major Beliefs of the Democratic Party:

The Democratic Party includes a diverse group of individuals who typically emphasize the need for a greater role of the federal government in promoting social, economic, and political opportunities for all citizens. The party typically argues for more government control over economic matters and less government control over individual rights.

Democratic Presidents:

  • Andrew Jackson - 1829-1837
  • Martin Van Buren - 1837-1841
  • James K. Polk - 1845-1849
  • Franklin Pierce - 1853-1857
  • James Buchanan - 1857-1861
  • Grover Cleveland - 1885-1889; 1893-1897
  • Woodrow Wilson - 1913-1921
  • Franklin Roosevelt - 1933-1945
  • Harry S Truman - 1945-1953
  • John F. Kennedy - 1961-1963
  • Lyndon B. Johnson - 1963-1969
  • Jimmy Carter - 1977-1981
  • Bill Clinton - 1993-2001
  • Barack Obama - 2009-

Interesting Facts:

  • The symbol of the donkey for the Democratic Party is said to have stemmed from Andrew Jackson. His opposition called him a jackass. Instead of taking it as an insult, he chose to adopt this as a symbol. This, in turn, became the symbol of the Democratic Party.
  • The Democrats hold the record for controlling both houses of Congress for the most consecutive Congresses. They controlled both houses of Congress from 1955 to 1981.

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