Key Clauses of the 14th AmendmentFour principles were asserted in the text of the 14th amendment. They were:
- State and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race both born or naturalized in the United States was reaffirmed.
- No state would be allowed to abridge the "privileges and immunities" of citizens.
- No person was allowed to be deprived of life, liberty,or property without "due process of law."
- No person could be denied "equal protection of the laws."
Over time, numerous lawsuits have arisen that have referenced the 14th amendment. The fact that the amendment uses the word state in the Privileges and Immunities clause along with interpretation of the Due Process Clause has meant that state as well as federal power is subject to the Bill of Rights. Further, the courts have interpreted the word "person" to include corporations. Therefore, they too are protected by "due process" along with being granted "equal protection."
While there were other clauses in the amendment, none were as significant as these.